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How do I find the diameter and circumference of a circle?

Center point of a circleFigure 1

Simple instructions are provided here for finding the diameter of a circle and its circumference using the standard formula and with an explanation of using Pi to find the circumference.

What is a Circle?

A circle is the set of points in a plane that are equidistant from a center point. What this basically means is that if you measured from the center point to the edge of the circle, then you should get the same measurement no matter what direction you measure from the center point. [Figure 1]

What is the Radius of a Circle?

The radius of a circle [Figure 2] is the distance from the center point to any point on the circle's perimeter (edge of the circle). You use the term radii to describe more than one radius. If you decided to draw two radii at opposite sides, then you would have made a line span across the entire circle like Figure 3 below illustrates.



radius of a circleFigure 2

What is the Diameter of a Circle?


The diameter of a circle is two times the radius and is the span of two radii across the center point forming a straight line across the entire circle like [Figure 3]. The formula is expressed as: d=2r , where d is the diameter and r is the radius.

For example, if r=3 , then you multiply 3 by 2. In this case the diameter would be 6. d=6

Simple rules to remember:

You always multiply the radius x 2 to get the diameter of a circle.

Similarly, you can divide the diameter by 2 to get the radius of a circle if the radius is not known.

What is the Circumference of a Circle?


diameter of a circleFigure 3

The perimeter of a circle is described as its circumference. That's the distance around the entire circle. If you divide the circumference by the diameter, you get a value called Pi.

circumference of a circleFigure 4

Pi is pronounced the same as the PIE picture of a PIE you eat you eat. The symbol used to represent Pi doesn't look as tasty. It appears like this Pi symbol symbol. It's basically a simple way of representing the number 3.14159265...., but easier to just remember and use 3.14 from now on. Pi is a constant number.

To find the circumference of a circle you multiply the diameter by Pi. The formula looks like this:

circumference formula

For example, if d=3 feet, then you multiply 3 feet by 3.14. In this case the circumference would be 9.42 feet/ft. [Figure 4]

See also: Formula for finding the area of a rectangle | What is a circle? | What is the radius of a circle? | What is the diameter of a circle? | What is the circumference of a circle?